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BEFORE AFTER. In pictures, discover the incredible transformation of certain districts in Bordeaux

Built in 2012, the Ginko eco-district concentrates dozens of buildings where there were only vacant lots before. (©

In 2010, Alain Juppe had chanted loud and clear his desire to make Bordeaux a “millionaire” city. In his quest to make port of the moon a center of attraction at European level, the former mayor dreamed of the Bordeaux metropolis reaching one million inhabitants by 2030against some 700,000 at the time.

To achieve this objective in 20 years, it was therefore necessary to create new neighborhoods from scratch to accommodate all this new population. Thus, since 2012 with the first deliveries of housing in Ginko, entire neighborhoods have sprung up.

Thanks to the Google Street View tool, offers you a journey through time, between 2008 and 2022 to see how gigantic sections of the Gironde city have been transformed.

In 2012, the Ginko eco-district was born

The Ginko eco-district, whose construction was entrusted to Bouygues Immobilier in 2006, is the main element of the major project launched by the City and Bordeaux Métropole “Bordeaux 2030, towards a sustainable metropolis”.

It extends over 32 hectares on the edge of Lake Bordeaux. Since the delivery of the first housing units in the second half of 2012, the eco-district has grown significantly with four successive development phases (2012, 2014, 2017 then 2020), to the point of welcoming nearly 10,000 inhabitants now.

However, some residents regret that the neighborhood has become so big: “They built a lot, there are a lot more inhabitants [qu’en 2015]. We are no longer a small neighborhood, we have become a big center so there are all types of people, including delinquents”, testifies Pascale, a resident of Ginko, who speaks of “insecurity”.

“To improve security, we must improve a set of things: education, town planning, the presence or absence of public services, educational and prevention actions, life with small businesses or even mobility with public transports. However, in this district which was built quickly, I am not sure that everything I have just said has been considered, ”replies Vincent Maurin, the district mayor.

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In Bacalan, hangars have given way to buildings

In a decade, the Bacalan district has changed considerably! This former working-class suburb, which experienced tremendous growth in the 19and century, in particular thanks to naval and port activities, and multiple industries, lost many of its sheds, which were razed to build housing.

“Today, contemporary and daring architectures rub shoulders with silos, cranes and rails, witnesses of past industrial activity. It is precisely this eclectic mix that makes all the charm of the new “skyline” of Bordeaux”, promotes the Bordeaux tourist office.

Everyone has their own tastes, shall we say. One thing is certain, the Bacalan district has undergone a lot of renewal, in particular thanks to the construction of the Cité du vin, which has attracted two million visitors since its opening in 2016. In terms of outreach, the Bassins de Lumières, installed at the heart of the submarine base, also have a strong impact.

Finally, many businesses have set up in recent years, including a UGC multiplex cinema open in 2021 and large with 13 screens.

The Saint-Jean station district transformed by Euratlantique

Recognized as an operation of national interest (OIN) in 2009, Bordeaux Euratlantique has been driving the transformation of five districts of the Bordeaux metropolitan area since 2010, including that of Saint-Jean station. This is the largest urban project in France, outside the Paris region.

“The operation is based on the “LGV effect” to sustainably improve the living environment and promote the prosperity of the neighborhoods near the station,” explains Bordeaux Métropole.

To meet the need for housing, the Amédée Saint-Germain real estate project (see image above) – currently under construction – should make it possible to house thousands of new inhabitants, in towers of buildings 11 floors high for some. What arouse the anger of residents, who fear the birth of a “ghetto”.

Inaugurated in the spring of 2022, the Palombe bridge will connect this new district to the Belcier district, also completely transformed by the Euratlantique real estate operations. In this sometimes working-class district, large towers have sprung up behind the Saint-Jean train station, as in the La Défense district in Paris (to a lesser extent in Bordeaux), to accommodate the offices of large companies such as Orange or Crédit Agricole.

Finally, between Carle-Vernet and the Garonne, near the MIN, many buildings have been built. The most emblematic are the Hyperion tower, delivered in the summer of 2021 and which is the tallest wooden residential construction in France, or the Innova tower (see image below), which is also 55 meters high. , which thwarts architectural constraints and superimposes housing and offices.

The right bank of Bordeaux, a paradise for property developers

On the right bank of Bordeaux, cranes have invaded vacant lots to erect buildings with a vengeance, in order to accommodate thousands of new homes.

For the Brazza district (see image above), which starts at the foot of the Chaban-Delmas bridge and continues towards Lormont, nearly 5,000 housing units must be delivered.

For the Bastide-Niel district (see image below), which is an extension of the Brazza district but towards the stone bridge, we are talking about 3,400 housing units, 63,000 m² of offices, i.e. 7,000 inhabitants and 3,000 users daily, once the work is completed.

Finally, at the foot of the Saint-Jean bridge, still on the right bank, a third district is currently growing at high speed: this is the Belvédère district.

We are talking about 3,900 new housing units planned for the Deschamps-Belvédère district, or the equivalent of 5,700 inhabitants, on a total area of ​​30 hectares, including 5 hectares of green spaces.

It is also in this new district that a new fire station is to replace the Benauge barracks, which have become much too dilapidated.

Currently under construction, it should be delivered for the second quarter of 2023.

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