If you have symptoms suggestive of Covid-19, while awaiting the result of the virological test, or if you have tested positive for Covid-19, you must isolate yourself. The isolation times differ depending on your vaccination schedule (complete, incomplete or not vaccinated). Service-Public.fr explains the isolation and screening rules in force.
Isolation is the period during which a person with symptoms or positive for Covid-19 must stay at home and strictly limit all contact with other people. In particular, this makes it possible to protect the most vulnerable people and to avoid contaminating other people and thus breaking the chains of contamination. The duration of isolation and the health instructions depend on your vaccination status.
Consult the infographic “Isolation rules
from the Ministry of Health.
Person with symptoms suggestive of Covid
As soon as symptoms appear (fever or feeling of fever, cough, headache, sore throat, body aches, unusual fatigue, diarrhoea, etc.), you should:
- immediately carry out an antigen test (if the test is positive, a confirmatory RT-PCR test must be carried out) or an RT-PCR, regardless of your vaccination status, history of infection or status of contact at risk;
- isolate yourself and reduce your contacts;
- prepare a list of people with whom you have been in contact in the 48 hours preceding the date of onset of symptoms;
- telecommute as much as possible.
Pending the test result, you are considered a confirmed case and must therefore remain isolated and protect your loved ones.
Positive people with a complete vaccination schedule and positive children under 12 years old
Positive people with a complete vaccination schedule and positive children under 12 years of age, regardless of their vaccination status, should:
- self-isolate strictly for 7 full days after the date of the onset of symptoms or the date of collection of the positive test;
- perform an antigen test or an RT-PCR test on the 5thand day :
- if the test is negative and in the absence of symptoms for 48 hours, it is possible to end the isolation after 5 days;
- if the test is positive or in the absence of a test on the 5thand day, isolation should be continued until the 7thand day, with no new test to be carried out on leaving solitary confinement.
To note : If the antigen test is positive, you must confirm the result with an RT-PCR test.
Positive people who are not vaccinated or who have an incomplete vaccination schedule
People who are not vaccinated or who have an incomplete vaccination schedule (booster not carried out) must:
- isolate oneself strictly during 10 days maximum after the date of the onset of the symptoms or the date of the collection of the positive test;
- carry out an antigen or RT-PCR test on the 7thand day after the date of the onset of symptoms or the date of the collection of the positive test:
- if the test is negative and in the absence of symptoms for 48 hours, it is possible to end the isolation on the 7and day ;
- if the test is positive or if no test is carried out, isolation must be continued until the 10and day with no new test to perform.
In case of temperature at the end of isolation, it is best to contact your doctor. Indeed, it is better to wait an additional 48 hours after the disappearance of the fever to end its isolation.
In case of difficulty in breathing, you must immediately call 15 (or 114 for people who are deaf or hard of hearing).
To note : It is recommended to respect barrier gestures (wearing a mask and hygiene measures) during the 7 days following the release of the positive case from isolation.
To know : L’Assurance Maladie offers, since February 9, 2022, an online tool: List my contact cases
. It allows people who are Covid-19 positive to easily list the people they have been in contact with before their Covid-19 infection.
Contact cases are the people with whom you have been in contact without barrier measures and if you and your contact were not wearing a maximum protection mask (category 1 surgical mask or FFP2 mask):
- in the last 48 hours before the onset of symptoms if you have them;
- within 7 days before the sample is taken if you have no symptoms.
Thanks to this teleservice, Health Insurance will be able to send these people very quickly and directly the right health instructions adapted to their situation. Declaring your contacts on this teleservice will make it easier for them to be taken care of (tests, work stoppage, etc.).
If you need a work stoppage, you can request it on the dedicated teleservice declare ameli
. This stoppage will be compensated without a waiting day and with an employer supplement. Positive patients who have received an SMS from Health Insurance are invited to go directly to the teleservice to request their cessation.
If your state of health is not stabilized at the end of your isolation, your attending physician may extend your stay.