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Heritage: 25 sites threatened by climate change or tourism around the world

The World Monuments Watch (WMF), or Montre des Monuments du Monde, is a project run by the World Monuments Fund, a non-profit organization that sheds light on endangered historical and cultural sites around the world. Every two years, he adds new places to his watch list. For 2022, he has identified 25, reveals the Bloomberg site on Tuesday March 1. From this list, he works with local advocacy groups to raise awareness and help raise funds for the continued protection of the spots. Since its inception in 1996 with founding partner American Express Co., the WMF claims to have donated more than $110 million to preservation projects at more than 300 sites, according to a press release released in early March 2022.

This year’s list includes 25 sites in 24 countries across six continents. Several of them are located in areas recovering from a crisis, such as the heritage buildings of Beirut in Lebanon, where a devastating explosion in 2020 damaged hundreds of infrastructure in the historic downtown district. That of Benghazi, in Libya, is also concerned, where a civil war has raged for half of the last decade. “We urge the world to stand with people and save these places of extraordinary cultural significance,” said Bénédicte de Montlaur, president and CEO of WMF in the press release.

Places threatened by coastal flooding

Other sites such as the Fortified Mansions of Yongtai in China and the city of Abydos in Egypt were chosen because they represent sites little visited by tourists despite their cultural importance, they are untapped opportunities for sustainable tourism. The WMF also chose to inscribe Teotihuacan, an iconic archaeological park in Mexico, because it believes nearby residents are excluded from the economic benefits derived from the thriving tourism industry linked to the park. An airport has recently opened its doors 24 km from Teotihuacan, which has led to a further deterioration in their quality of life, caused by tourism.

In addition, the WMF draws attention to sites threatened by coastal flooding and water scarcity caused by climate change. The Hitis (water fountain) of Nepal’s Kathmandu Valley, an extensive system of historic water distribution points and underground canals, has been included on the 2022 list to ensure local communities have reliable access to water. drinking water along the road.

The inclusion of the Koagannu Mosques and Cemetery in the Maldives serves as a warning of the fate of coastal heritage sites that are at risk of flooding and other increasingly frequent severe weather events in the coming years. The effects of sea level rise are already visible there.

The full 2022 watchlist:

  • Kinchela Aboriginal Boys Training Home, Australia
  • Bagerhat Mosque, Bangladesh
  • Cultural landscape of the Bunong people, Cambodia
  • Fortified mansions of Yongtai, China
  • Sumba Island, Indonesia
  • Heritage buildings in Beirut, Lebanon
  • Hitis (water fountains) of the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal
  • Tomb of Jahangir Lahore, Pakistan
  • Nouri, Sudan
  • Hurst Castle Hampshire, UK
  • Indian Church Village of Lamanai, Belize
  • The People’s House, Burkina Faso
  • Koagannu Mosques and Cemetery, Maldives
  • Historic city center of Benghazi, Libya
  • Teotihuacan, Mexico
  • Tiretta Bazaar, India
  • Traditional buildings of Asante, Ghana
  • Abydos, Egypt
  • Alcântara and Rocha do Conde de Óbidos marine stations (Almada Negreiros murals), Portugal
  • Yanacancha-Huaquis Cultural Landscape, Peru
  • Cloth Synagogue and Jewish Heritage in Timișoara, Romania
  • Monte Alegre State Park, Brazil
  • Africatown, Alabama, USA
  • Garcia Pasture, Texas, United States
  • Soqotra Archipelago, Yemen

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