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Hurricane Fiona: Historical past of hurricanes in Canada

Hurricane season is commonly related to tropical areas, however Atlantic Canada isn’t any stranger to those excessive climate occasions that previously have left hundreds with out energy, brought about tens of millions in damages and even claimed lives.

Hurricane Fiona is the subsequent storm that has the potential to be a landmark occasion in Canada, in accordance with Setting Canada meteorologist Jim Prime.

“One factor we often say within the Canadian Hurricane Heart is it solely takes one storm to essentially have a nasty season and right here we’re: the primary main hurricane of the season and it may be coming to Atlantic Canada,” Prime instructed CTVNews. ca in an interview on Thursday.

Prime mentioned each storm recorded all through historical past is totally different and might affect areas that have not been affected earlier than, which is why it is essential for residents to remain alert and ready.

Here’s a take a look at some earlier main hurricanes which have made landfall in Canada and their affect.


Generally known as Canada’s deadliest hurricane to at the present time, the hurricane of 1775 left greater than 4,000 folks useless because it swept over the then-British colony of Newfoundland on Sept. 9, 247 years in the past.

The Class 4 hurricane claimed the lives of largely sailors at sea, sinking a number of fishing boats and two British naval vessels, in accordance with the Nationwide Oceanic Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). There have been additionally reviews of the rise in water ranges reaching land between 6.5 and 10 meters excessive.


Components of japanese Canada confronted the destruction of the Galveston Hurricane that started its observe from Cuba as a tropical storm and have become a Class 4 hurricane by the point it made landfall in Galveston, Texas. On Sept. 11, 1900 it grew to become an extratropical cyclone because it made its method by the Nice Lakes and southeastern Canada the place an estimated 52 to 232 lives have been misplaced, in accordance with Setting Canada.

Within the epicentre, it’s reported the tides reached as much as 4.5 meters and greater than 8,000 folks have been killed within the US, marking the deadliest climate catastrophe in US historical past.


One of many oldest hurricanes nonetheless remembered at present is Hurricane Hazel, which struck Southern Ontario on Oct. 5, 1954. The affect of Hazel was strongly felt as winds of as much as 110 km/h and 85 mm of rain washed out properties, streets, and bridges.

The Class 4 hurricane made its method from the Caribbean, as much as the center of the Atlantic states earlier than it grew to become a Class 1 hurricane because it reached the Toronto area. however its highly effective affect on the time left 81 folks useless, hundreds homeless and reportedly brought about an estimated $100 million in destruction.


A serious hurricane returned to the Maritimes within the type of Hurricane Juan on Sept. 29, 2003. The Class 2 storm made landfall in Nova Scotia earlier than transferring onto Prince Edward Island as a marginal hurricane, in accordance with Setting Canada. The typical wind speeds reached 158 km/h and 25-40 mm of rainfall have been reported within the Halifax area.

Eight folks have been killed in Canada and an estimated 50-100 million timber got here down in Nova Scotia inside two hours. A whole bunch of individuals in each provinces misplaced energy and in Nova Scotia residents have been left at midnight for practically two weeks.


On Sept. 20, 2010, Hurricane Igor brushed previous Bermuda earlier than it was tracked to go offshore Canada’s Avalon Peninsula, the place it unexpectedly continued to maneuver additional north reaching japanese Newfoundland.

The storm recorded winds reaching as much as 140 km/h and at one level 172 km/h in Cape Pine in southeastern NL A number of of the areas reported a median of 150 mm of rainfall leaving greater than 150 communities flooded and 70,000 residents with out energy. There was additionally one reported dying, an individual who washed away within the floods.


One of the latest climate disasters in Canada was Class 2 hurricane Dorian, which made landfall in Atlantic Canada on Sept. 7, 2019.

The storm wreaked havoc as a Class 5 hurricane within the Bahamas earlier than it grew to become a post-tropical cyclone when it reached the maritime provinces and even components of Quebec, in accordance with the NOAA. The wind speeds have been estimated at 155 km/h and the Insurance coverage Bureau of Canada reported over $105 million in insured injury, most of which was reported by the hardest-hit province of Nova Scotia.

Prime mentioned Hurricane Fiona has an analogous trajectory to Dorian, which “had actually sturdy winds, heavy rainfall and impacted New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, PEI and Newfoundland, which is what is going on to occur with this method as nicely.”

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